Diagram of uniflow scavenging
Using a separate blower avoids many of the shortcomings of crankcase scavenging, at the expense of increased complexity which means a higher cost and an increase in maintenance requirement. An engine of this type uses ports or valves for intake and valves for exhaust, except opposed piston engines, which may also use ports for exhaust. The blower is usually of the Roots-type but other types have been used too. This design is commonplace in CI engines, and has been occasionally used in SI engines.
CI engines that use a blower typically use uniflow scavenging. In this design the cylinder wall contains several intake ports placed uniformly spaced along the circumference just above the position that the piston crown reaches when at BDC. An exhaust valve or several like that of 4-stroke engines is used. The final part of the intake manifold is an air sleeve which feeds the intake ports. The intake ports are placed at an horizontal angle to the cylinder wall (I.e: they are in plane of the piston crown) to give a swirl to the incoming charge to improve combustion. The largest reciprocating IC are low speed CI engines of this type; they are used for marine propulsion (see marine diesel engine) or electric power generation and achieve the highest thermal efficiencies among internal combustion engines of any kind. Some Diesel-electric locomotive engines operate on the 2-stroke cycle. The most powerful of them have a brake power of around 4.5 MW or 6,000 HP. The EMD SD90MAC class of locomotives use a 2-stroke engine. The comparable class GE AC6000CW whose prime mover has almost the same brake power uses a 4-stroke engine.
An example of this type of engine is the Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C turbocharged 2-stroke Diesel, used in large container ships. It is the most efficient and powerful internal combustion engine in the world with a thermal efficiency over 50%.9101112 For comparison, the most efficient small four-stroke engines are around 43% thermally-efficient (SAE 900648);citation needed size is an advantage for efficiency due to the increase in the ratio of volume to surface area.
See the external links for a in-cylinder combustion video in a 2-stroke, optically accessible motorcycle engine.
What's different about driving course on a motorcycle from the rest?
Difficulties in obtaining the right to drive a motorcycle may result already from the fact that he sat on a motorcycle we need to maintain balance. Not everyone is easy to achieve. On the basis of the fact that - from the need to maintain a balance, and ending with the fact that driving license for motorcyclists is difficult, because the instructor is not in the same vehicle, every student - we can say that getting a license for a motorcycle requires really a lot of effort. However, this does not discourage people who want to manage their own engine. It is true that, during the practical lessons in this category may appear to be much more problematic and dangerous events, but this challenge can be met through a systematic science.
Who is interested in old cars?
More and more people are interested in really ancient models of cars. There is no shortage connoisseurs of such cars among the real car fans, but also a person not associated in any way with passion about cars or other vehicles also willing to peek at these cars. The car after renovation will attract the eyes of everyone in the vicinity. There is no doubt that this is a very good way to stand out in the environment around us. Although often these cars are very expensive and driving them is quite uneconomical, you can also treat it as an investment. It is true that we have obtained through this investment a quick profit, but in the long term we really expect lots of money - if not for us, if only for our children and grandchildren.